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Glossary

CCR&R Agency
“CCR&R” stands for Child Care Resource & Referral. A CCR&R agency is an organization that provides an array of child care services that are helpful to parents, child care providers, employers, and the community-at-large. The New York City CCR&R Consortium consists of five agencies: Center for Children’s Initiatives, Child Development Support Corporation, Chinese-American Planning Council, The Committee for Hispanic Children and Families, Inc. (CHCF), and the Day Care Council of New York, Inc.

Family Child Care
Care in the personal residence of an individual who has registered with the New York State Office of Children & Family Services (OCFS) through the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene and has met specific health and safety requirements. Family Child Care providers can care for up to six children ages 6 weeks to 12 years . No more than two children can be under age 2.

Group Family Child Care
Care in the personal residence of an individual who has registered with the New York State Office of Children & Family Services (OCFS) through the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene and has met specific health and safety requirements. Group Family Child Care providers can care for up to twelve children, with the help of an assistant. They can care for children from 6 weeks to 12 years. No more than four children can be under age 2.

Child (Day) Care Centers
Care, not in a personal residence, for more than six children at a time. A license is required for any program serving more than three children for more than 30 days in a 12 month period.

Infant & Toddler Child Care Programs
Care
for children from 8 weeks to age 3. Infant & Toddler Child Care providers must obtain a special license to serve this age group. Providers must be licensed by the New York City Department of Health & Mental Hygiene, according to specific infant and toddler regulatory standards. These programs can be located in same building as a pre-school center. For information on regulatory standards regarding child/staff ratios, teacher training requirements, and facilities pertaining to Infant & Toddler Care programs, visit the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Preschool Programs
Offer year-round, full-day and part-day care. While they primarily serve 3 to 5 year- olds, some programs serve children under the age of 2. They must be licensed by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.
For information on regulatory standards regarding child/staff ratios, teacher training requirements, and facilities pertaining to preschool programs, please visit the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.

After-school Programs
Care for five to twelve children that usually opens at the end of the school day and closes at 6:00 p.m. They may also be open during school breaks, holidays, and summer vacation. For information on regulatory standards regarding child/staff ratios, teacher training requirements, and facilities pertaining to after-school programs, please visit the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.

Nursery Schools
Care for three hours a day or less. In New York City, these programs are regulated by the City Department of Health. Nursery schools may voluntarily register with the State Education Department (SED).

Universal Pre-Kindergartens
Funded by New York State through the New York City Department of Education, these programs provide free part-day services targeted primarily to 4 year-olds. They are provided in public schools & early childhood programs in the community. Some programs offer extended day services to families.

Head Start Centers
Federally-funded programs targeted for preschool-age children from low income families. They offer both part and full-day services, which are free to income eligible families. Head Start Centers primarily serve 3 and 4 year-olds, while Early Head Start Centers serve children under the age of three.

Non-traditional Hours Care
Care provided outside the typical child care hours of 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., Monday through Friday. This includes evening and overnight care, as well as care on weekends and school holidays.

Special Needs Care
Specialized care for physically handicapped and chronically ill children (0-21 years of age, as defined by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene) provided to help minimize the disability and maximize rehabilitative services.

Early Intervention Programs
Programs provide many different types of therapeutic and support services to eligible infants and toddlers with developmental disabilities or delays and their families, including family education and counseling; home visits; parent support groups; special instruction; speech pathology and audiology; occupational therapy; physical therapy; psychological services; service coordination; nursing services; nutrition services; social work services; vision services; and assistive technology devices and services.

To be eligible for services, children must be under 3 years of age and have a confirmed disability or established developmental delay, as defined by the State, in one or more of the following areas of development: physical, cognitive, communication, social-emotional, and/or adaptive. The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene is the lead agencyin New York City, while the New York State Department of Health coordinates the statewide network of services.

Summer Camps
Programs that operate for 8-12 weeks throughout the summer months and can be found in a variety of settings, including city, country, or suburban areas. Summer camps are regulated by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Some programs offer transportation to and from their sites.

Nanny Placement Agencies
Agencies that specialize in the placement of nannies with families. Nannies are caregivers who are employed by a family to handle all tasks associated with the care of children. Their duties are generally restricted to child care and domestic tasks. They may or may not have had any formal training, but are often widely experienced. A nanny's work schedule usually ranges from 40 to 60 hours per week.

Licensed Exempt Care
Care, usually provided in a child care provider's home, for fewer than 3 non-related children. Standard regulations set by the New York State Office of Children and Family Services (OCFS) apply to licensed exempt care providers serving families receiving child care subsidies. Licensed Exempt Care providers are not regulated by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.

Educational Incentive Program (EIP)
A scholarship program which helps child care providers pay for high-quality training and education, which they need to provide quality care to children. EIP has two separate application submission periods intended to provide a more balanced allocation of funds for the entire scholarship year.

Infant & Toddler Resource Center
A collaborative initiative of the New York City Child Care Resource and Referral Consortium. For more information, please visit New York City Infant & Toddler Resource Center's website.